Constructing transnational justice, in Dezalay Y. Dutour N. Fisher J. Groome D. Guest I. Haas P. Hayner P. Henkin A. Documents of reference, 21 Feb. Colombia, May. Joinet L.
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Seibert-Fohr A. Seroussi J. Snow D. Subotic J. Zalaquett J. All internet references were last consulted on January 5 , and all translations from Spanish or French are personal. See Guest , , Chile September 26, ; Gomes Lund et al. The Valvettiturai police registered the complaint, but advised the women to search for their men in the forest; they mentioned that previously a man taken away by the military had been dumped in the forest, blindfolded, yet alive. The families searched but failed to find their husbands there. The two wives told Human Rights Watch that they kept visiting Point Pedro and Polikandy military camps, and that on December 25 the military from the Polikandy camp came to verify the places of residence of the two men with their village leaders.
The ICRC inquired with the military, the women said, but received the same response. Perhaps the best known case from the Jaffna peninsula is that of Reverend Fr. The two men left Allaipiddy in the early afternoon for the nearby village of Mandaithivu, but the Sri Lankan military did not allow them to enter.
On the way back to Allaipiddy they were stopped at a navy checkpoint, and they have not been seen again.
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Inquiries into the fate and whereabouts of the two men proved futile. The government replied that the army can arrest individuals under regulation 18 of the Emergency Regulations, and it is required to hand over to the police all arrested persons within 24 hours. Human Rights Watch interviewed 26 families of persons missing from Colombo. In one case, for example, the wife of a year-old Tamil man said she saw the police take her husband on August 23, According to the woman, she and her husband had come to the capital from Trincomalee on June 26 so that he could obtain a visa to work abroad.
They stayed at a lodge in the 14 th district of Colombo while he was waiting for the visa to come through. In the early morning of August 23 the police knocked on their lodge door. She explained what happened next:. It was a. We were all sleeping.
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The police came in uniform and we were all there. They asked for our ID cards. When they asked I saw there were two boys taken from the room next door. The wife went to the Armor Street police station on Kotehena Road the next morning but the police refused to take her complaint. She searched at other police stations in the city and returned to the Armor Street station that evening at 6 p. This time, the police took her complaint and provided a receipt, which Human Rights Watch viewed.
According to the wife, two men in civilian clothes subsequently came to the lodge and told the wife that her husband would be released in one week, and that they would send him by bus or train to Trincomalee. As of March 4, when we interviewed her, her husband had not returned. In the eastern districts of Batticaloa, Trincomalee, and Ampara, the Karuna group has committed hundreds of abductions with the complicity of Sri Lankan security forces.
Human Rights Watch received credible reports from Batticaloa residents and international aid groups who said the Karuna group was helping government security forces screen displaced persons fleeing into government-controlled territory, identifying those suspected of supporting the LTTE.
Responsibility in other cases is unclear. In one recent case documented by Sri Lankan organizations, unknown assailants abducted Alampalan Sivasubramanium, the head of Lingapuram village in Trincomalee district. Sivasubramanium had been a vocal advocate for the needs of the displaced. It is not known who abducted him. The case began with the abduction in Batticaloa by an unknown armed group on September 20, , of Dr. Bala Sugamar, dean of the arts faculty at Eastern University.
The group said, for reasons that remain unclear, they would release Dr. Sugamar if Prof. Raveendranath resigned. Professor S. According to Prof. The next day, he submitted his resignation. Sugama was released 11 days later. Raveendranath stayed in Colombo, where he worked for the university grants commission. He reported receiving death threats on his cell phone. On December 15, Prof.
The family expected him back for lunch but he never arrived. His wife tried his cell phone several times but it was turned off. The family filed a police report with the Dehiwala police that same day. They also submitted the case to the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, which sent it under the urgent action procedure to the Sri Lankan government on January 9, Raveendranath was still missing. Over the past two years the Karuna group has been implicated in numerous abductions resulting in summary killings.
Most of the victims are alleged supporters of the LTTE. The Karuna group has also engaged in kidnappings for ransom of wealthy, predominantly Tamil, businessmen to raise money. According to the Civil Monitoring Commission, out of 78 cases of reported abductions of Tamil businesses in Colombo in late early , 12 abductees have been murdered, 15 released after the ransom had been paid, and 51 are still missing. Human Rights Watch interviewed a Colombo Tamil businessman who had been abducted by Tamils he believed to be from the Karuna group but had been released after he paid a ransom.
According to the man, a jeweler who wished to remain anonymous, he started getting threatening phone calls in April , sometimes from people who said they were from the Karuna group. Contents About.
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Pages: ii—xviii. Pages: 1— Pages: — He occasionally is the legal expert of Italy in negotiations relating to human rights, culture and marine environment. Gabriella Citroni , Ph. She has published extensively on international human rights law. She was a member of the Italian delegation in the drafting of the Convention against Enforced Disappearance.